Bilateralism consists of economic, social, political and cultural relations between two sovereign states. The recognition of sovereignty of states by each other is a source of agreeing to develop diplomatic relations with the exchange of diplomatic agents called ambassadors

(Elias & Such, 2007)

It is in contrast to unilateralism or multilateralism, which refers to the conduct of diplomacy by a single state or multiple states, respectively.

Photo: Secretary Albert Ferreros del Rosario meets Secretary of State Kerry and Secretary of Defense Hagel in Washington to discuss the two countries’ bilateral relations. Credtis: US Embassy Manila.

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